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Muons spring a surprise on modern physics

Discussion in 'The EMF Rx' started by Jack Kruse, Apr 20, 2021.

  1. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    New measurements confirm a fleeting subatomic particle called the muon may be ever so slightly more magnetic than theory predicts, a team of more than 200 physicists reported this week. ... They put muons in a vertical magnetic field that makes them twirl horizontally like little compass needles.

    Since the 1970s we’ve been looking for a crack in the standard model, and this may be it. Think about that April 2016 webinar now.

    The frequency at which the muons twirl reveals how magnetic they are, which in principle can point to new particles

    Due to quantum uncertainty, the muon sits amid a haze of other particles and antiparticles flitting in and out of existence. These “virtual” particles can’t be observed directly, but they can affect the muon’s properties. Quantum mechanics and Albert Einstein’s theory of special relativity predict the muon should have a certain basic magnetism. Familiar standard model particles flitting about the muon increase that magnetism by about 0.1%. And unknown particles lurking in the vacuum could add another, unpredictable increment of change.

    In 2001, researchers with the Muon g-2 experiment, then at Brookhaven, reported that the muon was a touch more magnetic than the standard model predicts.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00898-z
     
    Christine Renner likes this.
  2. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

  3. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    The Standard Model can't explain: where the model predicts a particle called a beauty quark should decay into other particles called muons and electrons at about the same rate, it looks like it actually decays into electrons more often than muons.

    New developments at CERN may have found a new force in Nature last week. This is exciting, because we already know the Standard Model doesn't tell the whole story about what's happening in the universe. It's very good at telling us about matter and energy. But it doesn't provide an account of the so-called dark matter and dark energy scientists believe must exist to explain the large-scale behavior of stars and galaxies.

    The Standard Model is also tremendously difficult to reconcile with our best explanation of gravity, Einstein's theory of general relativity. The Standard Model is at best a step along the road to a complete theory of everything.
    https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/mar/23/large-hadron-collider-scientists-particle-physics
     
  4. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    In order to prove experimentally the existence of magnetic current for the first time, researchers mapped Onsager’s 1934 theory of the movement of ions in water onto magnetic currents in a material called spin ice. I have introduced you to Onsager reciprocity relationship before in the blog. It describes how ions flow naturally below their molecular order. It describes how ions flow in relation to other things around them. In the lab, scientists tested the theory by applying a magnetic field to a spin ice sample at very low temperatures and observed the process using muons. I believe this process can also use pions. Muons and pions are parts that can make electrons and protons when they are in a place where a rogue element is present under extraordinary electric and magnetic fields. They can create other possible quantum possibilities for protons and electrons within mitochondria by creating something called an “exotic atom”. This atom would be a transitional state atom to enable changes in information and energy to occur without much thermodynamic cost.

    Pions and muons allow for atoms to remain the same element on the periodic table but get lighter atomically in their mass. Anything that gets lighter becomes more favorable energetically by mass equivalents.

    An exotic atom is an otherwise normal atom in which one or more sub-atomic particles have been replaced by other particles of the same charge. For example, electrons may be replaced by other negatively charged particles such as muons (muonic atoms) or pions (pionic atoms). Because these substitute particles are usually unstable, exotic atoms typically have very short lifetimes. Today's technology therefore cannot measure them. Because they are charged, they are controlled with infinite range and power by the electromagnetic force. This is the force we see acting within the mitochondria and in the sun.
     
  5. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    So how does the muon exotic atom work? In a muonic atom (also called a mu-mesic atom in the Russian literature), an electron is replaced by a muon, which, like the electron, is a lepton. It has the same negative charge but it has a much larger mass. And this larger mass changes its thermodynamics and its ability to tunnel and entangle. Since leptons are only sensitive to weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational forces, muonic atoms are governed to very high precision by the electromagnetic interaction. The description of these atoms is not complicated by the strong nuclear forces between the lepton and the nucleus. This makes them ideal to exists inside the mitochondria matrix with a sea of H+ protons.
     
    JanSz likes this.

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