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LilRedDgirl's Help Me! Journal

Discussion in 'My Optimal Journal' started by lilreddgirl, Sep 17, 2015.

  1. JanSz

    JanSz Gold

    lilreddgirl likes this.
  2. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    C3 plants use C3 photosynthesis which uses CO2 in a 3-carbon compound and C4 plants use C4 photosynthesis which incorporates the CO2 in a 4-carbon compound. C3 plants like cooler weather and C4 plants like stronger light. 85% of plants are C3 types. These compounds represent different types of sugar that is made photoelectrically from the joining of CO2 and water with sunlight. Photosynthesis is the process of combining light and nutrients of the soil to create energy plants can use. C3 and C4 photosynthesis go about this process differently. Most plants are C3 types. The advantage with C3 photosynthesis is that it is more efficient than the C4 variety under normal light conditions since it requires fewer enzymes. C3 plants use C2. Carbon Dioxide is used to create the 3-carbon compound G3P in order to produce usable energy. The higher CO2 concentration in C4 plants means that the stomata (water region), the gas exchange part of the plant, do not need to open up to get any more, so less water is lost. C4 uses CO2 to create the 4-carbon compound oxaloacetate instead. C4 plants tend to do better in high oxygen environments. C4 plants also go through photosynthesis faster than C3 plants when there is a lot of light and heat nearby. Additionally, C4 plants have much better water efficiency than the C3 variety since they don’t have to keep their stomata open as much.
    There are several thousand different types of C4 species with 19 different plant families. Examples include corn, saltbush and many plants that thrive during the summer months.
    Brent Patrick and JanSz like this.
  3. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    ADP is an organic compound that is essential for the transfer of energy during photosynthesis. ADP is composed of a five carbon atom compound known as ribose, one adenosine molecule and two phosphate groups. It is formed by removing one phosphate from adenosine triphosphate, ATP.
    The energy needed for photosynthesis is obtained from sunlight. Plants store this energy in the form of ATP, and then use it to carry out photosynthesis. Photosynthesis takes place in two distinct stages, the light stage and dark stage.

    The light stage is the light dependent stage of photosynthesis, which occurs in the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast. During this stage, white light is absorbed by the pigments in the chloroplast to form high-energy compounds, such as ATP and Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate, NADPH. In order to produce the energy required to drive chemical reactions in photosynthesis, ATP loses one phosphate to become ADP, and the NADPH loses one electron to become NADP+. Phosphorus also is key in animal photosynthesis and make H+ from water made in mitochondria.

    During the dark stage, the energy-depleted compounds, ADP and NADP+ are converted back to high-energy forms, ATP and NADPH respectively. These high chemical compounds are then stored to drive other chemical reactions necessary for the synthesis of sugar and other carbon-containing compounds. ATP is also used in the oxidation of photosynthetically-produced carbohydrates in the mitochondria during cellular respiration. This can be made with food electrons or with red light alone.......
  4. Penny

    Penny New Member

    I always thought that eating protein used up more BH4 which is required to make serotonin? That's why I try to do lots of fat and a meh amount of protein for dinner... and God, salt at dinner might actually be worse than carbs for me...
  5. lilreddgirl

    lilreddgirl New Member

    Parkinson's linked to gut bacteria
    Robert Ferris | @RobertoFerris
    Thursday, 1 Dec 2016 | 12:00 PM ETCNBC.com
    Sherbrooke Connectivity Imaging Lab | Getty Images
    Coronal view of a human brain in Parkinson's disease
    For the first time, researchers have found a functional link between the bacteria in the gut and the onset of Parkinson's disease, one of the world's most common debilitating brain disorders.

    A team of scientists from several institutions in the United States and Europe showed how changing the bacteria in the guts of mice affected the manifestation of Parkinson's symptoms — even including bacteria taken from the guts of humans with the disease.

    The findings suggest a new way of treating the disease: The best target for treatment may be the gut, rather than the brain. The researchers hope the new information can be used to develop "next generation" probiotics, more sophisticated than the sort of probiotics found on the shelves of health food stores today.

    "One can imagine one day, maybe in our lifetimes, patients will be prescribed drugs, and in the pills will be the bacteria that protect them from disease or even maybe treat their disease symptoms," said Sarkis Mazmanian, one of the researchers on the team and professor of microbiology at the California Institute of Technology.

    The scientists published their findings Thursday in the journal Cell.

    More from Modern Medicine:
    Why microbiome science is booming
    Chinese first to test CRISPR gene editing in humans
    A new drug is slowing memory loss in Alzheimer's patients

    Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder where brain cells accumulate excessive amounts of a protein called alpha-synuclein and then die off. Patients lose motor function, experience tremors and shaking, and suffer other physical and mental effects. One million people in the U.S. and up to 10 million worldwide suffer from the condition. It is considered the world's second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's.

    It is not usually the result of genetics, most often, it seems to be influenced by environmental factors.

    Previous research has suggested connections between gut bacteria and Parkinson's, as well as other diseases such as multiple sclerosis. But no research has shown exactly how the two might be related.

    The researchers performed three different experiments that showed the link between the germs in the gut and the disease in the brain.

    First, the team acquired two sets of mice that had been genetically modified to overproduce alpha-synuclein — the protein that is the hallmark of the disease. One set of mice had a complete microbiome — the collective name for the bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. The other set had no bacteria in their guts — they were germ-free.

    The germ-free mice were still overproducing alpha-synuclein, but their brain cells were not accumulating the protein. The germ-free mice showed fewer symptoms and performed better on a series of motor skills tests meant to model the kinds of tests given to human patients.

    However, the mice with the complete microbiome did begin accumulating the protein in their brain cells, and began showing brain damage in the regions that one would expect for a Parkinson's patient.

    Next the team fed both types of mice certain short-chain fatty acids that are commonly produced by bacteria in the gut. In other words, they were looking to see if even germ-free mice would show symptoms if the researchers mimicked gut bacteria activity.

    And this time, the germ-free mice did show symptoms of the disease in the brain when fed the chemicals.

    This suggested that the chemicals certain types of gut bacteria produce worsen conditions in the brain.

    Finally, the team did a third experiment where they took samples of gut bacteria from human Parkinson's patients and from healthy human controls and transplanted them into the germ-free mice that overexpressed alpha-synuclein. Remarkably, the mice began to exhibit symptoms. However, only the bacteria from the Parkinson's patients caused symptoms in the mice. The germ-free mice given samples from healthy humans did not produce symptoms

    In some ways, Mazmanian finds the third experiment most telling.

    "At first pass, what this tells you is that it is not the presence or absence of bacteria that matters, it is the types of bacteria that are there," he said.

    In other words, it could mean that the guts of Parkinson's patients have certain bacteria that contribute to the disease, or that they lack certain beneficial bacteria that could help protect against the disease.

    Samples of gut bacteria in Parkinson's patients render this possible. They tend to have certain kinds of bacteria not found in healthy people, and they also lack others that are found in healthy people, Mazmanian noted.

    Moving forward, Mazmanian said the team would like to identify specific bacteria that are helpful or harmful and understand how they might contribute to or prevent the disease, and what kinds of treatments might produce the microbiome that best protects against the disease.
  6. lilreddgirl

    lilreddgirl New Member

    Thanks for reminding me of Dr. K's Linked In articles, I will check those out too.

    Interestingly, I've read Lyme spirochettes seem to have a relatively slow grow rate, replicating only approx once every 12 hours in an active (vs dormant/cystic) phase. Apparently many types of bacteria replicate exponentially faster - I think approx. every 2 hours.
  7. lilreddgirl

    lilreddgirl New Member

    Thanks for the encourgement guys!
  8. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

  9. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    The space argument and science behind it are well covered here in this podcast.
    Brand new podcast and I think one of the better one's I've ever done. Max is an amazing guy from Germany I met in London in 2106. Before the truth can set you free, you need to identify which lie is holding you hostage. We talk about that here.

    Once you eliminate epistemology and ignore obvious controls.…..you can 'scientifically prove' just about anything to keep the grant money flowing in. That is modern science in a nutshell and it is why nutrition and food studies are worthless to a mitochondriac.

  10. Jack Kruse

    Jack Kruse Administrator

    Orthodoxy = radicalism + time. Sometimes it's better to walk alone than with a crowd going in the wrong direction. The trick is to identify and remember your beliefs or assumptions whenever a new idea comes to your awareness is really a message from nature that you should be building upon this new data. Your “scientific house of beliefs” should be plumb with the foundations things are built upon.
  11. Just Breathe

    Just Breathe New Member

    I am SO glad to hear you are doing better! Interestingly, your most recent update parallels with an update I am about to make. This kindred spirit sends you good vibes! :)

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